Install Spotweb on Raspberry Pi for Personal Usenet Indexer

spotweb-logoSpotweb is a usenet indexing software very popular in the Netherlands. Spotweb has a simple interface for displaying the latest spots and associated nzbs. The Spotweb framework provides a newznab compatible API that can be used as a personal indexer with automation software like Sonarr, SickRage, CouchPotato, Headphones, Mylar, LazyLibrarian and more. The Raspberry Pi works as a Spotweb personal usenet indexer surprisingly well updating spots every hour. This guide was tested on a Raspberry Pi 2 but should work on earlier versions as well like the Raspberry Pi B+ and A models.

If you are trying to figure out which hardware would work best for you, consider reading the Pi benchmarks.

Pi Unit
Processor
RAM
RAM Bus
Network
WiFi
USB
SATA
Cost
Raspberry Pi 3
1.2 GHz ARMv8
Quad Core
1 GB DDR2
450 MHz
100 Mbit
Yes
4
No
$35
Raspberry Pi 2
900 MHz ARMv7
Quad Core
1 GB DDR2
450 MHz
100 Mbit
No
4
No
$35.00
Raspberry Pi
700 MHz ARMv6
Single Core
512 MB SDRAM
400 MHz
100 Mbit
No
4
No
$25
Banana Pi
1 GHz ARMv7
Dual Core
1 GB DDR3
432 MHz
Gigabit
No
2
Yes
$36.99
Banana Pi Pro
1 GHz ARMv7
Dual Core
1 GB DDR3
432 MHz
Gigabit
Yes
2
Yes
$45.00

Install Spotweb on Raspberry Pi for Personal Usenet Indexer

Spotweb requires several components to function

  • MySQL database for storing the category of spots and nzbs
  • PHP for processing headers and displaying the Spotweb web interface

Install MySQL

Update your Raspberry Pi repositories

sudo apt-get update

Install MySQL to store Spots and nzb information on the Raspberry Pi

sudo apt-get install mysql-server -y

Enter your MySQL as the root user to create the spotweb user and database

mysql -u root -p

Create a MySQL user for spotwebuser, create the database called spotwebdb and grant privileges to the spotwebuser.

CREATE USER spotwebuser@localhost IDENTIFIED BY 'password';
CREATE DATABASE spotwebdb;
GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON spotwebdb.* TO spotwebuser@localhost IDENTIFIED BY 'password';
FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
exit

Install PHP

Install PHP or Spotweb won’t run

sudo apt-get install php5-mysql php5-curl php5-gd php5-cli -y

Change your timezone for php

sudo nano /etc/php5/fpm/php.ini

Uncomment ;date.timezone= by deleting the semicolon, a list of timezones can be found here

date.timezone = Europe/Copenhagen

You can adjnust the amount of memory php can use though I have found that Spotweb indexing is more CPU intensive than anything else.

memory_limit = 512M

Ctrl+X, Y and Enter to Save

Make the same changes in the command line php.ini since this is what is used for grabbing new headers

sudo nano /etc/php5/cli/php.ini

Install nginx

Install nginx and php5-fpm for serving PHP, SSL is included in case you want to use https

sudo apt-get install nginx openssl php5-fpm -y

Create the Spotweb nginx vhost configuration

nano /etc/nginx/sites-available/spotweb

Here is the Spotweb nginx configuration adapted from here

server {
	listen 80;
	server_name htpcguides.crabdance.com, 192.168.40.120;
	root /var/www;
	index index.html index.htm index.php;

	location /spotweb {

        satisfy any;

        if ($uri !~ "api/"){
                rewrite /api/?$ /spotweb/index.php?page=newznabapi last;
        }
	location ~ \.php$ {
                try_files $uri =404;
                include fastcgi_params;
                fastcgi_pass unix:/var/run/php5-fpm.sock;
                fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME    $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
		}
	}
}

Disable the default nginx virtual host and enable the nginx Spotweb virtua host

unlink /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default
ln -s /etc/nginx/sites-available/spotweb /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/spotweb

Install Spotweb on Raspberry Pi

Install git so you can get the Spotweb source

apt-get install git -y

Grab the latest Spotweb

git clone https://github.com/spotweb/spotweb /var/www/spotweb

Change the owner of Spotweb to be www-data so nginx has access to it

chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/spotweb

Restart nginx and php5-fpm

service nginx restart
service php5-fpm restart

Configure Spotweb on Raspberry Pi

Go to http://ip.address/spotweb/install.php where ip.address is your Raspberry Pi’s IP address to begin configuring Spotweb

This is the Spotweb php check to make sure you have all the dependencies, click Next

spotweb step 1 php

Enter your MySQL database name, username and password we created earlier and click Verify database

Choose your Usenet server from the dropdown and enter your credentials, click Verify usenet server

spotweb step 3 usenet server

Now it’s time to create the site type and an Administrative user. I chose Single user since this is a personal indexer I won’t be sharing with anybody, click Create system when you are done

spotweb step 4 users

Installation is now complete

spotweb step 5 installation complete

Now navigate to http://ip.address/spotweb and let’s start the initial retrieve process

Click Config in the top right and then Settings

spotweb click settings

Click the Retrieve tab

Set your retrieve settings and then run the initial retrieval manually. It will take a very long time depending on how far back you have chosen to index.

Move forward in time in the calendar to choose the date from which to index. In the example below spots from March 2015 onwards will be indexed

Consider unchecking comments as it requires more time to process.

spotweb change retrieve settings

Run the Spotweb retrieve in a screen session so you can close the SSH session and still let it run in the background

sudo apt-get install screen -y

Enter a screen session

screen

Run the Spotweb retrieve script

php /var/www/spotweb/retrieve.php

Now you can close the SSH and re-attach the screen session to see how it’s doing

screen -r

When the initial Spotweb retrieval is done add a cronjob to have your spots updated at a fixed interval. This cronjob checks for new spots every 30 minutes, you can increase or decrease it if you want.

It will create a fresh log file every hour on the hour at /var/www/spotweb/retrieve.log.

crontab -l | { cat; echo "00 * * * * php /var/www/spotweb/retrieve.php > /var/www/spotweb/retrieve.log"; } | crontab -

If you find this isn’t working try changing /var/www/spotweb/retrieve.log to >/dev/null 2>&1

crontab -l | { cat; echo "00 * * * * php /var/www/spotweb/retrieve.php > /dev/null 2>&1"; } | crontab -

When adding Spotweb as an indexer for automation sfotware like Sonarr, SickRage, CouchPotato, Mylar, Headphones, LazyLibrarian and others. Choose newznab as the indexer type. The URL is http://192.168.40.120/spotweb/ where 192.168.40.120 is your Spotweb indexer’s IP address.

You can get your Spotweb API key by clicking your username in the top right corner and choosing Change User, scroll down to API Key and copy it to the clipboard and paste it in your automation software.

Move the SQL Database

It is a good idea to move your Spotweb MySQL database off the SD card, if you plan on retaining a lot of spots and nzbs you will eventually run out of space on the SD card.

Stop MySQL and gninx temporarily

sudo service mysql stop
sudo service nginx stop

Make a MySQL directory on your USB or SATA drive and change the owner to mysql

mkdir -p /mnt/usbstorage/mysql
sudo chown -R mysql:mysql /mnt/usbstorage/mysql

Copy the database over

cp -r /var/lib/mysql/ /mnt/usbstorage/mysql

Change the MySQL configuration

sudo nano /etc/mysql/my.cnf

Find this line and adjust it to your USB storage path’s mysql folder

datadir         = /var/lib/mysql

Ctrl+X, Y and Enter to Save

Restart MySQL and nginx

sudo service mysql restart
sudo service nginx restart

Spotweb is installed on the Raspberry Pi and you can enjoy your personal Spotweb indexer to browse or use for automation